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A short life of Florence Nightingale : abridged from The life

A short life of Florence Nightingale : abridged from The life

Source : Internet Archive

A short life of Florence Nightingale : abridged from The life

A short life of Florence Nightingale : abridged from The life

Source : Internet Archive

Results : NIGHTINGALE


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OF FLORENCE NIGHTINGALE


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Florence Nightingale Abridged from the Life, by Sir Edward Cook with additional matter BY


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history of Lord Herbert's and Miss Nightingale's attempted reorganisation of the War Ofl&ce, broken off by Lord Herbert's death. A


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if a Short Life of Florence Nightingale based on his biography and not written by himself should be published, it


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of religious bodies by which Miss Nightingale's work was troubled. I do not know what authority Mr. Leslie has for


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Life of Florence Nightingale, vol. i, pp. 255, 286.


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bit of paper pencilled in Miss Nightingale's beautiful writing, the draft of a letter which he had found unfortunately too


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judgment of the effect of Miss Nightingale's work was concerned I have used Sir E. Cook's own words, and in


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Mr. Lytton Strachey's sketch of Florence Nightingale in Eminent Victorians.


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IV. Miss Nightingale as Administrator .... 94


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X. Miss Nightingale Remains at Her Post . . . 227


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].Ir. Lytton Strachey's Florence Nightingale" 379


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always will be" was proverbial. Peter Nightingale, the last male descendant of the "adscriptus glebae," died in 3


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4 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale 1803, a "squire" and son of a "lead merchant." Besides the lead mine,


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Ann Nightingale's grandson, William Edward Shore, was to inherit at his majority, with the name


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Mr. and Mrs. Nightingale went abroad after their marriage, and were away for three years, principally in


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of Sheffield, there remained only Mr. Nightingale's reflective temperament and free religious speculation. His letters throughout life are pervaded by


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6 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale kind," ' as Farington says, were Reynolds' Mrs. Siddons as the Tragic Muse,


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The difl Bculty is," wrote Mr. Nightingale to his wife, "where is the county that is habitable for two successive


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the season in London, and Mrs. Nightingale thought so highly of Derbyshire air that an autumn stay at Lea Hurst


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younger sister will be called Miss Nightingale."


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to people and places. Later Mr. Nightingale would sometimes go alone, to receive rents, to eat the late peas, occasionally


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8 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale to people and places. Later Mr. Nightingale would sometimes go alone, to receive


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first time. With Mr. and Mrs. Nightingale they travelled for a year and a half, returning in April 1839. They


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the guests from London whom Mrs. Nightingale delighted to collect were entertained both in Derbyshire and Hampshire.


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10 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale Flo wrote to her (June 1, 1839) from the Carlton Hotel, Regent Street,


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remains for ever unknown," Between Mr. Nightingale and his second child there was a special attachment. But he liked to


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sister, it was hardly better. Mrs. Nightingale and Parthe were content and happy in the enjoyment of their pleasant surroundings


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12 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale here. Oh, do not say that you "will not cloud young people's spirits."


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14 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale waste of youthful years that might have been spent in preparation or in


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time when he was writing Miss Nightingale's life. The merry light grey eyes, the prominent nose, the mouth, with its


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18 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale thing?" To Dr. Elizabeth Blackwell she confided that the big drawing-room at Embley


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Fowler, was the physician. But Mrs. Nightingale was not to be persuaded.


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a London hospital quoted by Miss Nightingale herself in 1852. In a letter to her father (February 1854) she writes


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20 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale Now that the fruits of Florence Nightingale's pioneer work in nursing have been


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account in the Times that Miss Nightingale had given in 1851. He was answered and his statements were hotly denied


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22 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale families, whom they support and put to service out of theii* wages, too


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so little cared for that Miss Nightingale, in her wonderfully detailed scheme of model nursing arrangements written for the army


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24 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale garded, the Head Nurses knowing well that a Nurse watching and fasting in


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are to understand the opposition Miss Nightingale met with, and the measure of her own courage and persistency.


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her young friend in vain. Miss Nightingale always had a sympathetic mind for any faith that issued in good works,


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28 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale method as a motive, though rules and organisation had their place. She wished


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Miss Nightingale's visit to Rome synchronised with that curious and short-lived episode in the struggle


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30 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale want either Anglican Church or Roman Catholic Church to make it for us.'


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various suitors were favoured by Mrs. Nightingale. The proposals of one of these imposed upon Florence a difficult and even


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34 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale But would it? I could be satisfied to spend a life with him


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36 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale and God. This the Roman Catholics have understood and expressed under the simile


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38 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale Whoever in the glorious light of an Egyptian sunset, where all glows with


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of the impression made by Florence Nightingale at this time of ripened powers when she was yet unknown, and they


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was issued anonymously soon after Miss Nightingale's return. It ended with an appeal to Englishwomen to follow the Kaiserswerth example,


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40 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale I heard her soft and silver voice Take part in songs of harmony,


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42 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale to enable me to live. I must take them, they will not be


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impossible not to observe," wrote Miss Nightingale in her account of the place, "how different was the beginning from the


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individually by the pastor, and Miss Nightingale was deeply impressed by the excellence and seriousness of this. Her manner of


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44 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale reformatory work. Private instruction on matters connected with the moral side of the


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Gentlewomen (when I was there)."' Mrs. Nightingale and Parthe reached Cologne on their way home in October, and there Florence


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Miss Nightingale objected strongly in later years to statements that her own training was confined


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46 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale it is, compared to what we have seen, and how surprising that with


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were a turning pomt in Florence Nightingale's life. A note of serenity in marked contrast with the storm and distress


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48 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale Oh, God," she had written in her diary at Cairo, Thou puttest into


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Miss Nightingale occasionally visited Truelove's shop and made acquaintance with his wife, whom for many


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only sister, was married to Mrs. Nightingale's second brother, Samuel Smith. The tie between Florence and this aunt and unele


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of a * Mary Shore, Mr. Nightingale's only sister, was married to Mrs. Nightingale's second brother, Samuel Smith. The tie


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50 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale on the distinctively Protestant tenet of freedom of conscience, indeed on freedom of


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52 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale an unele died, the care I took, on behalf of my aunt and


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54 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale perfection and the belief in the soul's limitless capacities required a future state


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56 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale The family? It is too narrow a field for the development of an


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creditably arrive (though they spared Mrs. Nightingale the shock of knowing they could not arrange to start) with Lady Augusta


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of Cranford Bridge House, married Anu Nightingale (v. Chap. I).


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gentle manner," he wrote to Mr. Nightingale, "covers such a depth and strength of mind and thought that I am


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60 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale many and a questionnaire which she seems to have addressed to the principal


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their "offs" * Now the Florence Nightingale Hospital for Gentlewomen, Lisson Grove.


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the approval of Mr. and Mrs. Nightingale. They had to be persuaded that it was not unseemly for the superintendent


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small for her personal care. Miss Nightingale successfully reduced chaos to order. The combination of masterful powers of organisation with


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62 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale -whereupon I wished them good morning, unless I might take Jews and their


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Mr. Nightingale indeed took pride in his daughter's success and the correspondence between them at


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64 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale this time or manner. But it is not a sacrifice any more than


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gifts to urge the appointment. Mrs. Nightingale and Parthe tried as strongly to dissuade her. Florence herself was greatly drawn


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70 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale been the talk of the last four months? And when the Turks gave


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for the expenses of three. Miss Nightingale set quietly about getting official sanction for a small party, and by the


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the East. Why will not Florence Nightingale give herself to this great work?"^ Lady Maria Forester had already (October 11)


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72 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale tion? And are there any stores for the Hospital he would advise us


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to him, he wrote to Miss Nightingale.


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Dear Miss Nightingale: You will have seen in the papers that there is a great deficiency


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74 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale willingness of the trained nurses to go, and is incapable of directing or


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she said to the elder Miss Nightingale, "that I should not have been the slightest use."


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my hopes! Believe me, dear Miss Nightingale, ever yours, Sidney Herbert.


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Miss Nightingale's unele, Samuel Smith, had already half obtained her parents' consent to the "private


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76 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale could anticipate some support from public opinion. But if public opinion had understood


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had some slight acquaintance with Miss Nightingale, and the other members of the Cabinet approved Mr. Herbert's proposal, the Harley


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78 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale discharge or dismissals, the cost of the return passage of such person home


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his assistance and co-operation for Miss Nightingale, and Sir Charles Trevelyan, Assistant Secretary to the Treasury, wrote to the principal


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A similar difficulty as to Miss Nightingale's control had to be exorcised in the case of St.-John's House by means


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80 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale day," wrote Miss Stanley, I wish people who may hereafter complain of the


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THE ARRIVAL On the journey Miss Nightingale's expedition excited lively interest. At Boulogne, fishwives seized the Englishwomen's bags and carried


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source of the legend of Florence Nightingale which was to persist through her life time. This article stated the course


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84 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale The discovery that the head of the Nursing Expedition was not, as first


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hospitals at Scutari in which Miss Nightingale worked.


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once prepared on the stoves Miss Nightingale had brought, and within a week the first "extra diet kitchen" was established


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88 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale of an application of whitewash, and underneath its imposing mass were "sewers of


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Miss Nightingale must now be imagined as immured in the foulness and misery of this


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in light and bringing help. Miss Nightingale arrived at Scutari on November the 4th, "the eve of Inkerman" (as she


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Florence Nightingale to Dr. Bowman* November 11


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90 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale landing. The Dysentery Cases have died at the rate of one in two.


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Chaplain on his side appreciated Miss Nightingale's help. The Chaplain says 'Miss Nightingale is an admirable person,' " wrote her


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medical men on the spot Miss Nightingale made a good impression at once, because she proved herself efficient and helpful.


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92 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale to do her bidding." She was always calm and self-possessed," says one of


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as little to do with Miss Nightingale as possible. She took such opposition with patience, and gradually won her way


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Miss Nightingale as Administrator 95


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they went on to describe Miss Nightingale's mission. The first improvements took place," wrote Mr. Macdonald, "after Miss Nightingale's arrival-greater


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96 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale Even when action was pressed from above on the responsible officers, they were,


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Miss Nightingale as Administrator 97


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98 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale In 1855 arrived a distinguished volunteer in the department of cookery-Alexis Soyer, the


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hidden under the patients' mattresses. Miss Nightingale relates that some butter had been obtained on the requisition of the assistant


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Miss Nightingale as Administrator 99


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Nightingale those councils over which Miss Nightingale so ably presided, at which were discussed the measures necessary to meet the


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100 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale those councils over which Miss Nightingale so ably presided, at which were discussed


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Miss Nightingale as Administrator 101


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and others in England to Miss Nightingale herself. Her private fund came to nearly £7,000, a large sum for that


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102 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale Then she enumerates things which Mr. Herbert should send from London, adding that


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Miss Nightingale as Administrator 103


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remove this cause of complaint." Miss Nightingale, however, had induced the War Ofi Bce to send out a squad of


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104 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale gaping beams so general, that it would require many months to remove this


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Miss Nightingale as Administrator 105


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Rawlinson became faithful friends of Miss Nightingale, and were her trusted supporters and advisers to the end of their lives.


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106 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale lowed their work/" Dr. Sutherland and Mr. (afterwards Sir R.) Rawlinson became faithful


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WARD MANAGEMENT From the beginning Miss Nightingale laid down her invariable rule that the nurse was to be entirely subordinate


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of the women called for Miss Nightingale's incessant vigilance. One had to be sent back at once, and the vacancy


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108 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale the leave of the doctors." The number of nurses admitted into each division


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you see she's one of Miss Nightingale's women?" Their cloth was respected throughout the camps, but Miss Nightingale had to


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by assistant surgeons, though, as Miss Nightingale's letter shows, they would "cram lint into the wounds" of newly arrived patients


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110 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale were allowed or attempted the full duties of a modern trained nurse. They


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orderlies in their business," said Miss Nightingale herself, "was one of the main uses of us in the War Hospitals."


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112 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale "to the instinctive delicacy, the ready attention, of orderlies and patients all through


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everybody in a good humour. Miss Nightingale was dismayed to hear that a party of forty-seven nurses under the care


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locusts/' according to Mr. Bracebridge. Miss Nightingale was almost at her wits' end to provide for them and dispose of


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114 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale crowded establishment of nurses "like a cloud of locusts/' according to Mr. Bracebridge.


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lose some really valuable women." Miss Nightingale, as she wrote, was deeply touched by their kindness and generosity. Her friendship


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116 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale Miss Nightingale's comment to Mr. Herbert (Jan. 28,


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Short Life of Florence Nightingale Miss Nightingale's comment to Mr. Herbert (Jan. 28,


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nurses, but as female ecclesiastics." Miss Nightingale stood firm, and the Reverend Mother Moore, of Bermondsey, the Superior of the


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words of the War Of15ce." Miss Nightingale had to beg that the new instructions might not be embodied in Regulations.


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118 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale Convalescents in the corridors, doing the work each of ten chaplains, and bring


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misfortune and not my fault." Miss Nightingale let her high opinion of the Reverend Mother be known in England. She


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resigned. Mr. Herbert, however, begged Miss Nightingale to continue writing to him, promising to pass on her suggestions. Lord Palmerston


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wrote a polite enquiry about Miss Nightingale's health. In her answer, she told him of the disproportionate number of patients


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122 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale The soldier's pack contained-at first-two shirts, knife, fork, spoon, brushes, etc., and since


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coming in barefoot and barelegged. Miss Nightingale within three months from the middle of November had issued from her private


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Division to-night." For the Purveying, Miss Nightingale sketched a plan, not a systematic reorganisation, "deeming so great a change impracticable


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124 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale Corporals and Sergeants as can be spared, new to their work, to place


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their pay. Comparing this with Miss Nightingale's letters, it may be seen that in large measure her suggestions were adopted


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126 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale order, and the neglect, let those describe who saw it when we first


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a reading room for convalescents," Miss Nightingale wrote to her sister, "which is well attended, and the conduct of the


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British Nurse) to be drunken. Miss Nightingale had taken an opportunity to lay her views before the Queen, and the


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reform were the friends of Miss Nightingale. In later years Sir Henry wrote in "grateful recollection of the time when


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130 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale the Army." At the war, the friends of reform were the friends of


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So Miss Nightingale continued, week after week, month after month, pouring out requisitions, hints, plans, effecting


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132 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale lous," ' but the private papers which were not available till recent years


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speaking herself . . , Miss Nightingale gave her heart to this enterprise in a spirit of absolute devotion." The


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and downright letters which were Miss Nightingale's hnpromptu weapons of reform have sometimes shocked recent readers who took her hard


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Nightingale In appearance," he wrote/ Miss Nightingale is just what you would expect in any other well-bred woman, who may


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134 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale In appearance," he wrote/ Miss Nightingale is just what you would expect in


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the accounts she receives from Miss Nightingale or Mrs. Bracebridge, as / hear no details of the wounded, though I


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sick, 41/2d for the wounded. Miss Nightingale earnestly pressed on Mr. Herbert that soldiers who fell sick at the front


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136 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale the soothing attendance upon these wounded and sick soldiers had been observed by


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Behind the scenes it was Miss Nightingale's administrative power that made the deepest unpression. The reformers applauded her, others to


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138 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale A letter from Miss Stanley gives a picture of her at work in


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Chief Engineer] wishes to see Miss Nightingale about the orders she gave him.' Mr. Sabin [the Senior Chaplain] comes in


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was sent for to accompany Miss Nightingale on her final visit to the patients.


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140 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale Wherever there is disease in its most dangerous form and the hand of


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became the symbolic attribute of Florence Nightingale was an ordinary camp lantern.


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worked with great devotion for Miss Nightingale. He says," wrote Monckton Milnes (January 1855) that Florence in the hospital makes


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good frame of mind," was Miss Nightingale's docket for the reply. Often the writer of these letters begins by explaining


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remain, dear Madam, Yours sincerely, Florence Nightingale." Letters from England contain anxious enquiries about a husband, brother, father, or son.


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142 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale With true sympathy for your loss, I remain, dear Madam, Yours sincerely, Florence


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heavy work and heavy responsibility, Miss Nightingale set forth for the Crimean hospitals, leaving Mrs. Bracebridge in charge at Scutari,


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and fun. He called himself Miss Nightingale's man, and, according to Soyer, used to explain that he had "forsaken his


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144 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale left undone. What the disappointments of the conelusion of these six months are


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being slurs on his preparations." Miss Nightingale's visit to the Crimea was approved by the War Ofl&ce, Lord Raglan had


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Neill has done wonders." ' Miss Nightingale on this and later visits to the Crimea saw and heard of many


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146 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale up. Sir John Mc Neill has done wonders." ' Miss Nightingale on this


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wounded was brought alongside, and Miss Nightingale, in a state of extreme weakness and exhaustion, was lowered into it. Soldiers


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Plate handicap was won by Miss Nightingale, beating Barbarity and nine others." The popularity of the name Florence dates from


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148 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale as all her hair has been cut off, is good testimony -'her own


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was not a help towards Miss Nightingale's constant aim of creating a disinterested, serious and efficient nursing service. This letter


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150 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale The request was dropped, and an influential committee was formed, with Mr. Sidney


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raise a fund to enable Miss Nightingale to establish and control a school for nurses.


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THE CRIMEA IN WINTER Meantime, Miss Nightingale was resuming the Crimean work cut short by her illness. A month after


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152 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale roads were very bad, on foot, she made her rounds in all weathers


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be gathered from their correspondence. Miss Nightingale had to fight her way into full authority. Dr. Hall disputed her title


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154 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale Do you think I should have succeeded in doing anything if I had


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Miss Nightingale's object was efficient nursing. Dr. Hall supported the nuns as his nominees. Mr.


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Mr. Herbert thought Miss Nightingale was "overdone with her long, anxious and harassing work" ,


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156 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale begged Mr. Herbert to move the House of Commons for the production of


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hospital without previous communication with Miss Nightingale, and that the following statement should be issued:


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subservient to the control of Miss Nightingale or not." She and her sisterhood resigned (March 28) and returned to England.


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158 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale and advised Mrs. Bridgeman to resign. It must rest with you," wrote Sir


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Monckton Milnes and Lord Lansdowne. Mrs. Nightingale and Parthe "could not take courage to go" -"our informants came flocking in,


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While Miss Nightingale was leaving the jealousies of the Crimea to return to the cholera at


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160 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale support to have such sympathy and such appreciation brought home to me in


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And the jealousies which attended Miss Nightingale's work still found expression. The existence of the Fund was notified in General


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soldiers. From Victoria 1855.^ Miss Nightingale is known to have worn the jewel once, on Christmas Day, 1855, when


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162 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale one who has set so bright an example to our sex. And with


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came into her eyes." * Miss Nightingale's eyes were light grey. In the case of grey eyes, reflections account for


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Sir John Hall wrote to Miss Nightingale (March 10) asking her to send the twelve nurses requested by Dr. Taylor,


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Hall wrote to Miss Nightingale (March 10) asking her to send the twelve nurses requested by Dr. Taylor, the Medical


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this work at Karani was. Miss Nightingale considered, one of the occasions on which the women nurses most clearly showed


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pleasantest visit I ever made. Miss Nightingale had been there but a few days before, and this deal room and


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166 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale · and invited us to enter and rest. A wooden stool was kindly


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for the voyage home, but Miss Nightingale and her aunt sailed privately in the Danube, accompanied by a Queen's messenger


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168 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale Lea Hurst, unexpected, walking up from the little country station of Whatstandwell.


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be easily refused." But in Florence Nightingale's life the Crimean mission was only an episode. She had shown the way


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aspect of the significance of Miss Nightingale's work.


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172 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale children dressed in a dirty blanket, and an old pair of regimental trousers/


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It was generally supposed that Florence Nightingale, her work done, and the addresses and presentations answered, had retired into private


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174 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale tality among our troops, in the last five months, two-thirds only of what


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rate of troops in England Miss Nightingale investigated in the Registrar General's Office.


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were Colonel Lefroy's suggestions, and Miss Nightingale's own ideas took the same lines. Accompanied for a few days by her


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much gratified and struck with Miss Nightingale-her powerful, clear head, and simple, modest manner." To Miss Nightingale the interviews were


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176 A Shoi-t Life of Florence Nightingale remain to see Lord Panmure here rather than in London, because she thinks


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I am obliged to succumb." Miss Nightingale was commanded to Balmoral when Lord Panmure arrived, and they had long talks


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Balfour for secretary. Miss Nightingale drafted Instructions for the Commission, too, and circulated them for criticism and advice.


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178 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale up scheme and estimate for Army Medical School, appendix to his own Military


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Miss Nightingale had lost on Dr. Alexander, but Mr.


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the pace of reform, and Miss Nightingale constantly had occasion to remind her friends of the possibility of ^'bullying the


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each. I am glad," wrote Miss Nightingale to Mrs. Tulloch, "that they have been such fools! I am sure the


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180 A short Life of Florence Nightingale sorted to a strange expedient. He "had the honour to acquaint "the Commissioners


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suggestion made at Balmoral that Miss Nightingale should write a report of her own. In asking her "further assistance and


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184 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale The only way to prevent such disasters in future was to improve the


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the two principles of which Miss Nightingale never loses sight. In an introductory chapter she writes of the health of


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AMONG THE EXPERTS Miss Nightingale had seen the army administrative machine at work, and she knew where and


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Hospital as he had promised. Miss Nightingale was a pioneer in this country of the "pavilion" system-of separate blocks of


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connected with the War Office." Miss Nightingale was forewarned, for the War Office (Lord de Grey) had asked her for


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188 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale some bitter pills today, ineluding Pavilions." The bitter pill is now the recognised


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The funds were provided by Miss Nightingale, and the soldiers liked it so much that she determined to enlarge the


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which fellow workers had for Miss Nightingale appears in a note from Sir Robert Rawlinson to her aunt (1858). To


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190 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale She was in frequent communication from this time onwards with Sir Edwin Chadwick.


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detailed instructions to the Commission. Miss Nightingale suggested a few alterations, which were accepted. Every member had been "carried by


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laid down in great detail. Miss Nightingale had certainly been successful in getting a comprehensive reference.


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a quarrel in the Commission." Miss Nightingale did not appear as a witness. She did not wish to do so,


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194 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale it. She suggested who should give evidence and in what order, and often


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in accepting the chairmanship, and Miss Nightingale was resolved that this was to be an effective one. The personnel of


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196 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale There was iron within the velvet of Mr. Herbert's words, for the publication


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there were re-iterated reminders from Miss Nightingale before they were all set on foot.


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work, there were meetings in Miss Nightingale's rooms to settle the procedure. There were times, as she afterwards recalled, "when


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198 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale more as he worked with her-that no one who did not see her


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was a serious breakdown in Miss Nightingale's health this autumn, but she struggled on without, it seems, even a day's


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find you an obedient penitent." Miss Nightingale did not take the advice in the spirit in which it was given.


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200 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale We'll make such a precious row when you come back. The day you


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For they are not there." Miss Nightingale did not die and she continued to work.


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202 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale year she was not thought likely to live, and fearing that death might


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Thank you very much," wrote Miss Nightingale to Lady Mc Neill, "for your congratulations on my sister's marriage, which took


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Mrs. Smith's daughter Beatrice to Mr. Nightingale, "how hard it is for you to hear nothing of her, but no


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204 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale Old Burlington Street, travelling backwards and forwards in an invalid carriage, accompanied on


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Miss Nightingale's unele, Samuel Smith, who was an Examiner of Private Bills, managed her money


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,206 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale time of Parthe's marriage, giving her £500 a year in addition to paying


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prompted by Mr. Herbert and Miss Nightingale, moved in the House of Commons a series of Resolutions with regard to


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of the Crimea, and appointed Miss Nightingale's candidate. Dr. Alexander, as head of the Army Medical Department on the retirement


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208 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale with General Peel as Secretary for War. The Bison" had been dilatory to


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large measure was her work. Miss Nightingale's improvement of barrack accommodation is probably the chief of the many causes which


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210 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale His death is a great disaster," she wrote to Captain Galton. Others have


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later introduced a reform which Miss Nightingale had urged on Lord Panmure. He established a School of Practical Cookery at


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one of those to whom Miss Nightingale sent a copy of the Report, warning her to use it discreetly.


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History of the British Army," Miss Nightingale's answer to what she calls "an obscure pamphlet circulated without a printer's name,"


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212 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale a yet more telling form in A Contribution to the Sanitary History of


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the Army, compiled by him. Miss Nightingale's perception of the importance of statistics, the persistence and the statistical skill with


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13th, Mr. Herbert wrote to Miss Nightingale:


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and other appropriate places, until Miss Nightingale at last rescued it from the Assistant Under-Secretary by calhng in Mr. Herbert


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214 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale plish a great deal in continuing and adding to the work which he


Page 233

witness to the work of Miss Nightingale. The hospital, built on the pavilion plan of which she was a pioneer


Page 234

years 1859-60 remain good. To Miss Nightingale primarily and to her more than to any other is due the principle


Page 235

which owed their origin to Miss Nightingale's experiences and suggestions. The new code defined the duties of each class of


Page 236

recommended. In all these respects, Miss Nightingale's reforms have been greatly developed. No modern barrack is considered complete without its


Page 237

co-operation of Sidney Herbert and Florence Nightingale came in sight in December, 1860. A sad change," wrote Miss Nightingale from


Page 237

1860. A sad change," wrote Miss Nightingale from Hampstead (Dec. 6th) to her unele, "has come over the spirit of


Page 238

and said, to be ''shelved." Miss Nightingale urged him to make the sacrifice for the sake of their unfinished work,


Page 238

220 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale manding and popular figure. To go to the House of Lords was, as


Page 239

Lord Herbert to Miss Nightingale, 7th June, 1861


Page 240

consented to be Governor," wrote Miss Nightingale to Sir John Mc-Neill. Last week we made a list of the staff


Page 240

222 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale -the political aristocracy who at least advocate higher principles. A Sidney Herbert beaten


Page 241

last," wrote his sister to Miss Nightingale, "he had the same charm, that dear, winning smile, that almost playful, pretty


Page 242

224 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale room up of my absent" master. I cannot say it "walks up and


Page 242

Miss Nightingale to Harriet Martineau, Hampstead, 24


Page 243

men-exactly like him and Gladstone." Florence Nightingale, said Jowett, was the only woman he ever knew in whom public feelings


Page 243

and whose admiring affection for Miss Nightingale was constant. The secret of this rare friendship lay not only in the


Page 244

226 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale Florence Nightingale was the head and centre of it all.


Page 245

REMAINS AT HER POST-Fortunately for Miss Nightingale's peace of mind, there came an almost immediate call to serve the memory


Page 246

the death of Sidney Herbert Miss Nightingale had another loss, which she felt scarcely less, if less at all. Arthur


Page 246

1228 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale at the War Office is over. The reign of Muffs has begun." The


Page 247

mistaken. But at the time Miss Nightingale's grief and loneliness were intense. In her state of nervous exhaustion they were


Page 247

Miss Nightingale Remains at Her Post 229


Page 248

though it was, to forward Miss Nightingale's "great and wise designs." He was in the councils of the Cabal" and


Page 248

230 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale eluded her from seeing or writing to anybody. She was in such extreme


Page 249

who had beaten Lord Herbert. Miss Nightingale's hopes revived and she wrote to Lord de Grey. There was "but one


Page 249

Miss Nightingale Remains at Her Post 231


Page 250

232 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale Galton is to do his work as Assistant Under-Secretary.


Page 251

with the Horse Guards. For Miss Nightingale's own work, Galton's new appointment was important. He was in close touch with


Page 251

Miss Nightingale Remains at Her Post 233


Page 252

the War Office story that Miss Nightingale heard one day from her brother-in-law, Sir Harry Verney, of the sudden death


Page 252

234 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale the best man to be a banker? Would it not be better to


Page 253

any reply or observations on Miss Nightingale's letter. I have only to thank you for your kindness in allowing me


Page 253

Miss Nightingale Remains at Her Post 235


Page 254

this last reform was carried Miss Nightingale was deep in other work, and it does not appear that she was


Page 254

236 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale a Commission on Military Transport. Its powers were enlarged by General Peel, who


Page 255

the preparations, and he consulted Miss Nightingale as to sanitary arrangements-transports, hospitals, clothing of the troops, supplies and comforts for


Page 255

Miss Nightingale Remains at Her Post 237


Page 256

238 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale against. He also asked her for the names of suitable men for the


Page 257

short, much of Miss Nightingale's Crimean work was reproduced.' As one who had had experience of war and


Page 257

Nation's Work: A Tribute to Florence Nightingale. London. W. Ridgway. 1864.


Page 257

Miss Nightingale Remains at Her Post 239


Page 258

240 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale ing Officer, which essentially require him to have the standing of a gentleman


Page 259

Miss Nightingale Remains at Her Post 241


Page 260

Miss Nightingale, in the thick of the work of the Sub-Commissions, and in very weak


Page 261

1859, and Miss Nightingale, as with its predecessor, supplied questions to be put and saw some of


Page 262

set going, and what gave Miss Nightingale her influence in India, said that it was not done by the big


Page 262

244 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale copies struck off for private use in Royal, professional and other distinguished quarters.


Page 263

holding up defects to shame. Miss Nightingale picked out better opinions and hopeful experunents, and on all these matters she


Page 264

the joy of my heart," Miss Nightingale wrote to Harriet Martineau (May 19), "that the final meeting of the India


Page 264

246 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale interviews and correspondence, she succeeded in a second best scheme-the reinforcement of the


Page 265

of articles in the Times-for Miss Nightingale knew a friend of Delano's.


Page 266

formation of Sanitary Commissions, and Miss Nightingale was asked to draft a code of sanitary suggestions for India. But there


Page 266

248 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale fact send a dispatch proposing the formation of Sanitary Commissions, and Miss Nightingale


Page 267

was of Lord Stanley," wrote Miss Nightingale in a reminiscence thirty years later.


Page 268

spheres was almost Crimean, and Miss Nightingale declared that 'T.O., W.O., Horse Guards at home, Commander-in-Chief in India are as


Page 268

250 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale Office on, but the Departments had ceased to function.


Page 269

advance was now rapid, and Miss Nightingale was informed of every step by Sir John Lawrence, his secretary Dr. Hathaway,


Page 270

give a full account of Miss Nightingale's many-sided work for Indian sanitation and hygiene. In England Lord Stanley was her


Page 270

252 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale diers' gardens in cantonments. In a preface to a paper giving a resume


Page 275

STATISTICS Though fate had led Miss Nightingale first to military hospitals and to work for the health of soldiers, she


Page 276

258 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale Her defeat over the Netley plans had shown her the need of informing


Page 276

Miss Nightingale was not the one and only discoverer of the principles she laid down,


Page 277

alter the old hospital, but Miss Nightingale, having studied its death rate and Sir R. Rawlinson's report, told the Committee


Page 278

Whitfield opened the case to Miss Nightingale in February 1859, and she sent a careful memorandum to the Prince Consort,


Page 278

260 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale friends, the condition was probably not unprompted. On the same condition, she promised


Page 280

262 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale patency," he did not give up business, but devoted himself to good works


Page 280

Miss Nightingale in her investigations of London hospitals had looked into their statistical records. These


Page 281

Miss Nightingale also made the suggestion that through uniform hospital statistics one hospital might be


Page 282

264 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale the same time she suggested the addition of questions which would bring in


Page 283

carried on investigations such as Miss Nightingale hoped for, into the mortality from particular causes, at particular ages, in particular


Page 284

not the founder of nursing, Florence Nightingale was the founder of modern nursing. Through the experience and opportunities gained in


Page 284

ardour but without their delusion?" Miss Nightingale was the Clara or Teresa of the new order, but it was an


Page 285

inspired by religious motives, which Miss Nightingale sought to make it. Skilled technique may seem to have gained the upper


Page 286

why a great part of Miss Nightingale's work of training women nurses was training them to be conscientious and single-minded.


Page 286

268 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale terested and public-spirited women could be attracted. A large number of gifted and


Page 288

By sympathy Miss Nightingale did not mean personal affection or personal devotion. She meant devotion to a


Page 288

270 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale But how? In having sympathy. I am sure I have nothing else. I


Page 290

272 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale The two thoughts which God has given me all my whole life have


Page 290

Thus Miss Nightingale believed much in individual qualities and gifts, in individual influence, and little in


Page 291

less ambitious Societies." Many of Miss Nightingale's pupils became Founders in their turn, and the best of them were most


Page 292

favoured by the warm interest Florence Nightingale had attached to the very name of nursing. The thrill which the story


Page 292

busy years of army reform Miss Nightingale could not give her attention to the Fund which had been collected to


Page 294

276 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale to give hints for thought to women who have personal charge of the


Page 294

very word hygiene was new. Miss Nightingale sometimes writes hygiene.


Page 296

was Mrs. Wardroper, whose acquaintance Miss Nightingale had made in 1854, when seeking nurses for the war.^ Mrs.


Page 296

278 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale "desperation." And it is just as stupid not to provide the sick bed


Page 297

John Mc Neill and others, Miss Nightingale formulated a scheme, and an agreement for the foundation of the Nightingale school


Page 298

280 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale pitals or institutions. It was not intended that they should enter upon private


Page 298

should enter upon private nursing. Miss Nightingale had it in mind from the first that the Training School should be


Page 299

change in this matter since Miss Nightingale volunteered." This change," he goes on to say, "is perhaps the best fruit


Page 300

which had been proposed to Miss Nightingale just before her mission to the war. The nurses were supplied by St.-John's


Page 301

collapse of the experiment set Miss Nightingale to work on the mortality figures, and she found that there were no


Page 302

women to the medical profession. Miss Nightingale, in a letter addressed Dear Sisters," suggested that "there is a better thing


Page 302

284 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale and extreme cleanliness, and furnished rules, plans and specifications for model lying-in hospitals.


Page 303

1867, and in this legislation Miss Nightingale was a prime mover.^ The initiative in experiment, too, was taken in Liverpool


Page 304

school and district nursing, and Miss Nightingale had then given as close and constant consideration to his plans "as if


Page 304

286 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale humblest love of one of God's best and greatest men." They had already


Page 305

who had been thrilled by Miss Nightingale's volunteering for the Crimean War.


Page 306

It was Scutari over again," Miss Nightingale wrote. She was constant in advice and encouragement to her disciple, whose letters


Page 306

288 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale the diet was wretchedly meagre. It was Scutari over again," Miss Nightingale wrote.


Page 308

Miss Nightingale's first concern was for the nurses who had lost their chief and who


Page 308

290 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale age and persuade the patients to sleep three and four in two beds,


Page 309

sort of fixed faith that Florence Nightingale could do anything, and that faith is still fresh in me, and so


Page 309

Law purposes the chief of Miss Nightingale's staff.


Page 310

furnish a very nice skeleton." Miss Nightingale had interested the Editor of the Times in the subject and he had


Page 310

292 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale to cure? Taken solely from the point of view of preventing pauperism, what


Page 311

this the Committee referred to Miss Nightingale. In the memorandum she sent in she took full advantage of the chance,


Page 312

Florence Nightingale lum, Rate" of Miss Nightingale's memorandum) was established to maintain the institutions, ineluding separate schools for pauper children.


Page 312

294 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale lum, Rate" of Miss Nightingale's memorandum) was established to maintain the institutions, ineluding


Page 313

the building were submitted to Miss Nightingale by Mr. William Wyatt, the leader of a reform party in St.-Pancras, and


Page 314

fussiness or self-importance, wrote to Miss Nightingale about a hundred times a year, reporting progress or difficulties, and approved nurses


Page 314

296 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale secret of their success." Among other reforms, Miss Torrance introduced useful work for


Page 315

Convalescent Homes were laid before Miss Nightingale. When consulted at an earlystage she often submitted plans of her own. She


Page 316

These rules did not prevent Miss Nightingale from writing to her royal correspondents in the strain considered appropriate to their


Page 316

298 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale Queen or Princess who did not take a personal and practical interest in


Page 318

constant work in other fields Miss Nightingale never lost general control and supervision of her Training School for Nurses. With


Page 318

300 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale In spite of constant work in other fields Miss Nightingale never lost general


Page 319

Office Hospital at Netley, and Miss Nightingale saw them all, gave them presents and spoke words of encouragement. I trust,"


Page 320

was committed to Dr. Sutherland. Miss Nightingale herself was diligent in collecting money and gifts, in writing letters and memoranda


Page 320

302 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale leered to go out as a nurse. As it was she must leave


Page 321

was seen to be inevitable Miss Nightingale had been deluged with correspondence both from home and from all sorts and


Page 322

to the Crown Princess's request, Miss Nightingale had sent Miss Florence Lees (Mrs. Dacre Craven), an able Nightingale nurse, to


Page 322

304 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale This visit produced large results. In answer to the Crown Princess's request, Miss


Page 325

still to be settled. To Miss Nightingale it was as if there were impending a second catastrophe such as the


Page 326

808 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale was ill, and Dr. Sutherland was away. It took her eight days to


Page 326

me, to my great advantage." Miss Nightingale's first letter to Lord Cranborne was one of those cautious, businesslike and apologetic


Page 328

310 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale £15 to steal them and to blow you up. I am going ahead


Page 328

send Indian sanitary papers to Miss Nightingale, and he would take the responsibility.


Page 329

old-the War Office Sanitary Committee. Miss Nightingale recommended that the India Office Committee should be the controlling and responsible body,


Page 330

312 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale appointment of the Health Officers. This was sent to India on November 29th,


Page 330

this dispatch are one of Miss Nightingale's best services to the cause of public health in India.


Page 331

Frere was hopeful. He urged Miss Nightingale to write again to the Viceroy as to the need of an Executive


Page 332

314 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale to Sir J. L. to bless and curse," Miss Nightingale entered in her


Page 332

L. to bless and curse," Miss Nightingale entered in her Diary.


Page 333

THE MACHINE AND THE MISSIONARY Miss Nightingale's main work during the following year may be called that of a Health


Page 334

But Miss Nightingale's greatest ally in India at this time was Lord Napier, Governor of Madras.^


Page 334

316 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale I say nothing," she adds, "of his splendid services in foreign policy, in


Page 335

Commander-in-Chief it was arranged that Miss Nightingale should send a memorandum on sanitation and especially army sanitation to the Viceroy.


Page 336

The soldier, as Miss Nightingale was never tired of pointing out to opponents of "sentiment," is a very


Page 336

318 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale Meantime she continued to advise the Sanitary Department of the India Office through


Page 337

particular was not understood.' But Miss Nightingale's scavenging, such as cleaning wells, removing refuse, and providing other harbourage for sewage


Page 341

SORROWS In the later sixties, Miss Nightingale's connection with the War Office was slackening. Lord de Grey ceased to be


Page 342

done no good. He persuaded Mrs. Nightingale to arrange a visit to Lea Hurst, so that Florence could combine a


Page 342

324 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale asked for a memorandum to justify the work of the threatened institutions.


Page 344

326 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale blow" to Miss Nightingale's cause. Lord Northbrook was appointed to succeed him, and


Page 344

of Florence Nightingale blow" to Miss Nightingale's cause. Lord Northbrook was appointed to succeed him, and the new Viceroy left


Page 346

328 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale minous notes arnd suggestions took effect in many a page of the revised


Page 346

the prophetic and poetic element. Miss Nightingale suggested both omissions and additions. She wanted a clear plan of the space


Page 347

entirely, with a slight abridgement." Miss Nightingale was fond of reading the books of Catholic devotion which the Rev. Mother


Page 348

330 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale Miss Nightingale's symbolical heading to this passage was ''Drains." These old Mystics whom


Page 348

Short Life of Florence Nightingale Miss Nightingale's symbolical heading to this passage was ''Drains." These old Mystics whom we call


Page 349

popularity." Her father's death involved Miss Nightingale in much distracting business. His land and the two houses passed under the


Page 349

to consult and reason with. Mrs. Nightingale's movements and future mode of life had to be settled. She was eighty-six,


Page 350

intensity after her father's death, Miss Nightingale's mood, in all communings with herself, was one of deep dejection and utter


Page 350

332 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale From 1872 onwards, and with increased intensity after her father's death, Miss Nightingale's


Page 352

inspected the new buildings for Miss Nightingale, and considered all the arrangements from the point of view of an expert


Page 353

School was to" be, in Miss Nightingale's words, "a Home-a place of moral, religious and practical training -


Page 354

336 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale long-winded stories. . . . Had I not been intent on persuading her,


Page 354

the hospital to new work, Miss Nightingale's care followed with her.


Page 355

School for Superintendents, and sometimes Miss Nightingale used her influence to secure the election of one of her candidates to


Page 356

work in St.-Thomas's and of Miss Nightingale's personal kindly interest and encouragement." '


Page 356

338 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale Sweden, in Germany and the United States. Miss Alice Fisher, who regenerated Bleckley


Page 357

and for many succeeding years, Miss Nightingale wrote an anniversary address or letter to the probationer nurses of the School.


Page 358

many responsible appointments over which Miss Nightingale took infinite pains was that of Miss Florence Lees (Mrs. Dacre Craven) to


Page 358

340 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale There are little discourses on the uses and limits of school friendships, on


Page 359

CAMPAIGNER Though "out of office," Miss Nightingale remained within hail of the War Office as expert in war nursing. In


Page 360

342 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale patients to the convalescents." An enlarged enquiry, with the Earl of Morley as


Page 360

Miss Nightingale, in close alliance with Lord Wantage, took up her old role, suggesting witnesses,


Page 361

Expedition" was organised in 1884 Miss Nightingale was again deeply concerned. She admired Gordon as the Christian hero, and to


Page 362

How have I backslidden!" Miss Nightingale continued to maintain the closest touch with her nursing school. She was consulted


Page 362

344" A Short Life of Florence Nightingale way to others, there was mingled something of the wistful regret of old


Page 363

General Register of Nurses, and Miss Nightingale naturally became the leader of those who opposed registration.


Page 364

346 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale was an enquiry by the House of Lords on the London Hospitals, into


Page 364

to the laborious efforts of Miss Nightingale and her associates. In the final result a Charter was granted to the


Page 365

FOR INDIA The passion of Miss Nightingale's later life was the redress of the sufferings and grievances of the Indian


Page 366

348 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale perience, though indeed many a Minister is forced to depend more than she


Page 366

To Miss Nightingale, however, Lord Salisbury did not write complacently of vacillation of purpose. A real


Page 367

Lord Sa Jtshury to Miss Nightingale, 4 November 1874


Page 368

350 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale irrigation works in the advocacy of which she took a vigorous part have


Page 368

specific cases of sanitary reform, Miss Nightingale had some influence through letters and personal interviews, and through her published writings


Page 369

sanitary matters. He agrees with Miss Nightingale's principles as to the relative importance of different sorts of work, and says


Page 370

352 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale find a remedy. The article, a friend tells her, was described by disturbed


Page 370

of deaths in the famine. Miss Nightingale's figure was 5/6 millions. I begin to think now," writes Sir Louis Mallet,


Page 371

so "the Viceroy must wait." Miss Nightingale's wrath and entreaties may be imagined. Notes and telegrams followed fast upon each


Page 372

354 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale cial friends to produce a draft dispatch in this sense, which gets as


Page 372

resignation. We are unlucky," complains Miss Nightingale to Sir Douglas Galton. As soon as we seem to have got hold


Page 373

them. He came to see Miss Nightingale, and to him she writes (October 1882) to ask if some instruction could


Page 374

the Burlington Hotel in 1861 Miss Nightingale lived for some years in hired houses in London or at Hampstead. In


Page 377

old times, continued to come. Miss Nightingale always wrote to Lady Herbert on the anniversary of her husband's death. The


Page 378

358 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale fellow workers. Some have already been given. There are touching letters from Dr.


Page 379

nearly twenty years older than Miss Nightingale. Co-operation with her opened great opportunities to him. He was in many ways


Page 380

Miss Nightingale complained of this remoteness. Dr. Sutherland dated his letters from The Gulf." Sometimes


Page 380

360 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale Your pump is dry. India to stand over." He would receive business visitors


Page 381

did not succeed in raising Miss Nightingale's style to his own level of unimpeachable propriety.


Page 382

362 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale pathy-never failing-when you had so many other things to occupy your mind? I


Page 382

Miss Nightingale to Mr. Gladstone, July 6, 1879


Page 383

of refugees and orphans, and Miss Nightingale and others gave her work some help from London.


Page 384

364 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale Nightingale's letters. Miss Williams was for many years matron of St.-Mary's Hospital, and


Page 384

St.-Thomas's. The great grief of Miss Nightingale's nursing life was Miss Pringle's conversion to Roman Catholicism, on which she was


Page 385

relations after Lady Verney.* In Miss Nightingale's girlhood, their little son (Shore") was often at Embley.


Page 385

living descendants of Mr. and Mrs. Nightingale.


Page 385

To Louis H. Shore Nightingale, 10 South Street, December


Page 386

the plan dropped, partly because Miss Nightingale's advisers thought her unable to contribute as largely as she had hoped. The


Page 386

366 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale speare/ Ravens shall pick out your eyes and eagles eat the same." I


Page 387

thing." After her mother's death Miss Nightingale did not go to Lea Hurst again, but for some years she made


Page 388

368 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale kind of Doctor's work,' or words to that effect. Sir D. G. opened


Page 389

CONCLUSION Miss Nightingale's life was her work. It might almost be said she had no private


Page 390

370 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale pathetic imagination-and how her imagination guided her longing for work. When debarred from


Page 391

way of putting it. But Miss Nightingale did indeed enjoy her work-her active work. The Catholic Orders," she said, "say


Page 392

872 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale word it was for a purpose, it was by no means the expression


Page 394

374 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale enforced by self-communings. The saints, or even the sinners, may in such ways


Page 395

Miss Nightingale's religious beliefs may seem unsatisfying both to adherents of the churches and to


Page 396

376 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale human being improved? Some races are so far above other races that we


Page 399

APPENDIX A Mr. Lytton Strachey's Florence Nightingale A substantial part of Mr. Lytton Strachey's popular and entertaining volume, Eminent Victorians,


Page 399

the loose popular theory that Miss Nightingale was nothing but a soft-hearted person gushing with indiscriminate benevolence, and had proved


Page 400

380 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale conscientiously in all three departments of his industry. Three or four examples will


Page 400

it must be done," said Miss Nightingale. A chance bystander who heard the words never forgot all his life the


Page 401

death, King Edward created Miss Nightingale a member of the Order of Merit. According to Sir Edward Cook, who


Page 401

read. His bright presentment of Florence Nightingale to his readers is perhaps, in an opposite direction, as far from the


Page 403

THE soldiers' SONG OF FLORENCE NIGHTINGALE {To the tune of The Cottage and Water Mill") On a dark, lonely


Page 404

384 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale Her heart it means good, for no bounty she'll take, She'd lay down


Page 404

of Heaven's best gifts is Miss Nightingale.


Page 405

are from a letter from Florence Nightingale to her sister, describing her walks on the shore near the soldiers' graves


Page 406

LETTER ON SOCIAL STATISTICS FROM FLORENCE NIGHTINGALE TO


Page 408

388 A Short Life of Florence Nightingale D.-India with its 250 millions-200 millions being our fellowsubjects, I suppose-enters so little


Page 409

believe me, Yours most faithfully, Florence Nightingale.


Page 410

as an emergency bed-jacket by Florence Nightingale. Four safety pins are required.


Page 414

Carter, H., letter to from Florence Nightingale, 18


Page 415

Florence Nightingale: a Force in Medicine, 183


Page 415

position of Florence Nightingale in, 144


Page 415

Florence Nightingale Hospital for Gentlewomen, 60


Page 416

letter to, from Florence Nightingale, 250, 310


Page 416

Florence Nightingale Hospital for, 60


Page 417

Illness of Florence Nightingale, 143,


Page 418

letter to, from Florence Nightingale, 264


Page 419

letter to from Florence Nightingale, 10, 62, 268, 324


Page 420

Nightingale, Frances Parthenope, 6, 8, 9, and See Verney, Lady Nightingale, Louis H. Shore, letter to


Page 420

Nightingale, Peter, 3


Page 420

Nightingale, William Edward, 6, 20


Page 420

400 Index Nightingale, Florence, letters to, from Herbert, 72, 77, 213, 221


Page 420

Louis Shore, letter to from Florence Nightingale, 365


Page 421

Religious beliefs of Florence Nightingale, 375


Page 422

letter from to Florence Nightingale, 349


Page 423

Soldiers' Song of Florence Nightingale, 383


Page 424

Verse on Florence Nightingale, 382