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The Life of Sir William Fairbairn, Bart

The Life of Sir William Fairbairn, Bart

Source : Internet Archive

The Life of Sir William Fairbairn, Bart

The Life of Sir William Fairbairn, Bart

Source : Internet Archive

Results : FAIRBAIRN


Page 17

Employment-Work at Newcastle-David Hogg-The future Mrs. Fairbairn - .Discussion Society - The Theatre-The Poet of Plessy-Castles in the Air-Embarks for


Page 18

Oatrine Bank, for New Waterwheels- Mr. Fairbairn visits the Site-Nature of the old Machinery-Improvements proposed-Completion and Success of the New


Page 19

to England-Their Report-Applieap tion to Mr. Fairbairn-He visits Constantinople-Death of the Sultan-Ohanes Dadian-Exploration of the Country-Animated Boulder Stones-Survey of the


Page 20

Matters-Pupils-Dr. Birkbeck-Miss Fairbairn's Marriage-Death of Mr. Fairbairn's Father-Haydon, the Artist-Proposed Wrestling Match with George Stephenson.........177


Page 22

Tank Engine-Work for Constantinople-Entrance of Mr. Fairbairn's Son into the Business-Liverpool Landing Stage-The Tubular Bridge Patent-Improvements in the Steam-Engine-Caisson for


Page 22

of the Manchester Business-Retirement of Mr. Fairbairn-Flour-Mill and Bakery for the Crimean War-Rebuilding of Viaducts on the Manchester and Sheffield


Page 23

Mr. Fairbairn a voluminous Writer-Tubular Girder Bridges-Paper for the Royal Society-Effect of repeated Meltings on


Page 24

at the Polygon, Society there- Mr. Fairbairn's Character-Business Integrity-Domestic Letters - New Stock and Barrel-Two Moons-Opinions on worthless Schemes-Religious Feelings,


Page 24

APPENDIX. List of Sir William Fairbairn's published Works and Papers . . 475


Page 27

to the Life of Sir William Fairbairn, to give some account generally of the profession to which he belonged.


Page 28

4 LUTE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. i.


Page 30

6 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. t.


Page 32

8 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. X.


Page 34

10 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. i.


Page 36

12 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. i.


Page 40

16 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. i.


Page 42

18 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. i.


Page 44

20 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. i.


Page 48

attainments, and the late Sir William Fairbairn was one of the most esteemed of them. On this account it becomes


Page 50

Mr. Fairbairn, who was educated strictly as a millwright, and was never ashamed of calling


Page 50

26 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. n.


Page 52

28 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. cbap. u.


Page 54

30 ' LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. u.


Page 56

was ultimately left to starve. Mr. Fairbairn, as we shall see in a future chapter, took up warmly the cause


Page 56

32 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. n.


Page 58

34 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. ch4p. n.


Page 60

It has, in fact (as Mr. Fairbairn has remarked), effected an entire revolution in the iron industry of Great Britain.


Page 60

36 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. u.


Page 61

given, partly taken from Sir William Fairbairn's book:


Page 62

38 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. n.


Page 68

44 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. a.


Page 70

46 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. it.


Page 72

as will be seen hereafter, Mr. Fairbairn took an active and important part. The Menai Bridge is 1,511 feet long,


Page 72

48 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. n.


Page 73

the profession of which Sir William Fairbairn was one of the most distinguished members.


Page 74

50 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. u.


Page 77

His father, Andrew Fairbairn, was descended, on the male side, from a humble but respectable class of


Page 77

William Fairbairn was born in the town of Kelso, in Roxburghshire, on February 19, 1789.


Page 78

54 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. m.


Page 80

56 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. in.


Page 82

himself and his brother, Mr. Peter Fairbairn, for many years a resident in that country and secretary to Lord Seaforth,


Page 82

58 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. ra.


Page 84

GO LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. hi.


Page 86

62 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. m.


Page 87

Andrew Fairbairn remained only two years in his steward's place.


Page 90

66 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. in.


Page 93

did not last long, for Andrew Fairbairn was a man of energy and strong will, and having now a growing


Page 94

70 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. it.


Page 95

Mr. Fairbairn continues :


Page 96

72 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. iv.


Page 98

LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. nr.


Page 102

78 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chat. tv.


Page 104

Mr. Fairbairn, in after life, often alluded with pride and satisfaction to his early intimacy


Page 104

LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. iv.


Page 108

84 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. v.


Page 112

88 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. v.


Page 118

94 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. v.


Page 121

Mr. Fairbairn continues :


Page 122

98 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. vt.


Page 124

1OO LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. vt.


Page 128

better in the eyes of Mrs. Fairbairn than the bargain of the green spectacles made by Moses in the *


Page 129

was one which nearly deprived Mrs. Fairbairn of life, and after remaining in the most critical state for ten or


Page 130

106 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chat. vi.


Page 135

Mr. Fairbairn now describes his successful start in business as a manufacturing engineer:


Page 136

112 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. cn Ar. vn.


Page 146

122 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. viit.


Page 148

124 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. vin.


Page 150

126 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. ttti.


Page 152

128 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. vm.


Page 154

In 1830 Mr. Fairbairn formally enrolled himself among his professional brethren by joining the Institution of Civil


Page 154

130 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. viii.


Page 157

About this time Mr. Fairbairn was engaged in a work of considerable importance, which, by the circumstances -which


Page 159

branches of the sea. By William Fairbairn, Engineer. London, Longmans and Co., 1831.


Page 159

Dr. Henry, who, writing to Mr. Fairbairn shortly after the publication of the book, says:


Page 161

was 7 tons 16 cwt. Mr. Fairbairn says of this boat:


Page 164

Mr. Fairbairn then describes how he tested the boat's compass, with the aid of a


Page 167

At a later period of Mr. Fairbairn's life he was asked by the eminent French savant, the Baron Charles Dupin,


Page 168

144 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. ix.


Page 170

Hitherto the business in which Mr. Fairbairn was engaged had been entirely prosperous and pleasant, but about, this time some


Page 170

146 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. n.


Page 171

Mr. Fairbairn writes:


Page 172

This change of circumstances, throwing Mr. Fairbairn entirely on his own resources, was a serious one, and cost him much


Page 172

148 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. rx.


Page 173

opposition to the old establishment. Mr. Fairbairn, however, stood up manfully, and the more his difficulties increased the greater was


Page 177

When Mr. Fairbairn entered on the sole charge of his business he appears to have turned


Page 178

154 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. x.


Page 180

LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. x.


Page 181

Although Mr. Fairbairn's chief practice lay in the mechanical branch of the profession, he did not


Page 182

Mr. Fairbairn undertook the commission, associating with him in the work a young engineer, Mr.


Page 182

158 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. x.


Page 183

proposed, and signed jointly by Mr. Fairbairn and Mr. Batenia n.


Page 184

of Mr. Eaton Hodgkinson and Mr. Fairbairn. Mr. . ! Hodgkinson had previously been engaged in making ex-1 I periments


Page 184

160 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. x.


Page 185

two former of these, and Mr. Fairbairn the third, and each experimenter reported to the Association separately on


Page 185

the United Kingdom.' By Mr. William Fairbairn.


Page 186

for that year, vol. vi. Mr. Fairbairn's report is entitled:


Page 186

162 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. x.


Page 187

About this time Mr. Fairbairn introduced an invention which has been of the greatest utility in engineering manufacture-namely,


Page 188

Mr. Fairbairn continues his account:


Page 188

164 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. x.


Page 192

168 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xr.


Page 198

was in frequent communication with Mr. Fairbairn on the subject of the Turkish works : and Mr. Fairbairn seems to


Page 198

172 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xi.


Page 199

and other Haematite Ores.' By William Fairbairn, Mem. Inst. CE.


Page 199

Mr. Fairbairn gave some further account of his Turkish work at a meeting of the


Page 200

resorted to for construction, and Mr. Fairbairn had already sent over an iron house for a corn mill, fifty feet


Page 200

174 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xi.


Page 201

Please to remember me to Mrs. Fairbairn, and tell her that I hope I shall see her in perfect good


Page 202

176 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xi.


Page 205

shape, than about 1840, when Mr. Fairbairn had completed his fiftieth year. Some notes remain, referring to matters of a


Page 206

In 1840 Mr. Fairbairn was consulted regarding the best means to be adopted for draining the lake


Page 207

The following letter from Mr. Fairbairn's fellow-worker in these important iron experiments will be interesting as showing the -zealous


Page 208

In 1841 Mr. Fairbairn was applied to, at the suggestion of the government, to give advice as


Page 208

182 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xn.


Page 209

1842 and the following year Mr. Fairbairn undertook some elaborate investigations on a subject that had often excited the attention


Page 210

In the same year (1844) Mr. Fairbairn was called on, in the course of his professional business, to investigate a


Page 210

184 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN, chap., xn.


Page 211

contractors of Liverpool, applied to Mr. Fairbairn to visit that town, and make a report on the matter, as they


Page 212

A few months later Mr. Fairbairn's attention was again directed to the construction of large buildings by a dreadful


Page 212

186 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xn.


Page 213

In 1847 Mr. Fairbairn was applied to by the authorities of the city of Basle to design


Page 214

examined many witnesses, among whom Mr. Fairbairn, from his large practice in ironwork, was one of the most prominent. He


Page 214

188 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xii.


Page 216

chronological arrangement of events in Mr. Fairbairn's life.


Page 217

In September 1841 Mr. Fairbairn's daughter Anne was married to his young friend Mr. J. F. Bateman, an


Page 217

highest terms of yourself and Mrs. Fairbairn, and the rest of the family. I had formed, I confess, great expectations


Page 218

be of considerable service to Mr. Fairbairn. Indeed for many years there was scarcely any engineering scheme or scientific investigation


Page 218

LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xu.


Page 219

interest, and shows the character Mr. Fairbairn had acquired for kindness of heart. It is no breach of propriety now


Page 219

I hope you and Mrs. Fairbairn and boys and all are well.


Page 220

The pride Mr. Fairbairn took in his long friendship with George Stephenson has already been noticed. The


Page 220

let me wish you and Mrs. Fairbairn many returns of the season.


Page 220

104 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. hi.


Page 223

of construction ultimately adopted.' By William Fairbairn, C.E., Memb. Inst. Civil Engineers, Vice-President of the Literary and Philosophical Society, Manchester,


Page 223

comprised in the previous chapter Mr. Fairbairn was engaged, for four years, on a work of such importance and novelty


Page 224

193 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xr.i.


Page 226

Mr. Fairbairn continues his narrative :


Page 227

Towards the end of August Mr. Fairbairn considered that the experiments had assumed a shape which seemed to require the


Page 227

Mr. Fairbairn remarks on this:


Page 228

tried on October 14, and Mr. Fairbairn, writing the next day to Mr. Stephenson, says:


Page 228

202 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xiii.


Page 229

extracts will serve to illustrate Mr. Fairbairn's position in the matter. Mr. Stephenson says:


Page 230

You will observe in Mr. Fairbairn's remarks that he contemplates the feasibility of stripping the tube entirely of all


Page 230

204 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xiii.


Page 231

In April Mr. Fairbairn communicated to Mr. Stephenson an account of further experiments, which had enabled a


Page 231

form and the cellular top. Mr. Fairbairn expressed great confidence as to the ultimate success of the undertaking and the


Page 232

Mr. Fairbairn's duties now became more onerous. It was no longer the making and testing


Page 233

About this time we find Mr. Fairbairn considering and proposing plans for the erection and fixing of the bridges, and


Page 234

posed that Mr. Fairbairn's firm should take an important share in the manufacture. Mr. Stephenson, writing to


Page 234

208 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xni.


Page 235

Mr. Fairbairn answered, June 9 :


Page 236

January, and on February 2 Mr. Fairbairn wrote to the effect that the anticipations derived from the experiments on the


Page 236

210 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xm.


Page 237

also actively interested themselves in Mr. Fairbairn's work on these bridges, among whom may be mentioned Sir David Brewster, Mr.


Page 237

answer to an invitation from Mr. Fairbairn:


Page 238

During the course of Mr. Fairbairn's experiments it seems to have occurred to him that the principle which was


Page 238

With kindest regards to Mrs. Fairbairn, in which Mrs. Nasmyth desires to unite,


Page 239

Mr. Fairbairn states in regard to this patent:


Page 243

bridges, and arising out of Mr. Fairbairn's connection with them, was another design of a similar character which, though it


Page 244

and entered into communication with Mr. Fairbairn, and the following letter was written soon afterwards:


Page 244

218 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xiv.


Page 245

proposal was agreed to, and Mr. Fairbairn left for Berlin towards the end of October. He had been given letters


Page 246

220 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xiv.


Page 247

Chevalier Bunsen the day after Mr. Fairbairn's reception by the King:


Page 248

222 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xiv.


Page 249

of your company in Manchester. Mrs. Fairbairn and my son George have been with me first to Cologne and Coblentz,


Page 251

their proceedings, so far as Mr. Fairbairn was concerned, are related in the following letter which he wrote to Baron


Page 252

226 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xiv.


Page 254

about a month later, between Mr. Fairbairn and General (afterwards Sir Edward) Sabine, President of the Royal Society, but unfortunately


Page 254

which the meeting gave to Mrs. Fairbairn, Mr. Horner, and my son: they collectively and individua Uy unite in kind


Page 256

contained in a letter from Mr. Fairbairn to Mrs. Edgeworth (a relation of Maria Edgeworth), whose acquaintance he had made


Page 256

230 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chat. xiv.


Page 257

and in somewhat strong terms, Mr. Fairbairn's remonstrance against the proposed measure. The Baron's answer was as follows, and it


Page 258

232 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xiv.


Page 259

Mon respectueux hommage a Madame Fairbairn, votre digne Spouse.


Page 260

This measure emboldened Mr. Fairbairn to persevere in his project, and he accordingly proceeded to prepare his plans


Page 261

on the plan patented by Mr. Fairbairn, J


Page 262

Mr. Fairbairn, being informed of this, wrote to Humboldt, on August 23, 1852, a letter


Page 262

236 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xrv.


Page 263

to have been made to Mr. Fairbairn, but the plans, according to the new conditions, were elaborated by two Prussian


Page 267

The publication of Mr. Fairbairn's work on the great bridges formed a culminating point in his life ,


Page 268

William Fairbairn, Engineer, Manchester, author of numerous papers which have been from time to time


Page 268

The council ineluded Mr. Fairbairn's name in the selected list of candidates, and he was elected into the


Page 269

Within a year after Mr. Fairbairn's election into the Royal Society another honour was paid him, which was still


Page 272

of Sir Mark Isambard Brunei. Mr. Fairbairn had previously made the acquaintance of some influential members of the Institute, among


Page 272

246 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. it.


Page 273

of three members to investigate Mr. Fairbairn's claims, and, the result of this being satisfactory, an official letter was addressed


Page 274

Corresponding members could be entertained. Mr. Fairbairn, however, continued to receive strong expressions of support from his distinguished friends, as


Page 277

Institute about the time of Mr. Fairbairn'a election :


Page 278

LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xv.


Page 280

In December, 1852, Mr. Fairbairn's name was entered in the candidates' book, being proposed by Mr. George Rennie,


Page 280

254 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xv.


Page 283

A subject that much interested Mr. Fairbairn during the best part of his life, and one on which he did


Page 284

Mr. Fairbairn's improvement consisted in using two internal fire-tubes, of smaller size, instead of one


Page 284

258 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xvi.


Page 286

in the construction of boilers, Mr. Fairbairn had his attention called to them in another way, as it had been


Page 286

260 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xti.


Page 287

partners, with a recommendation that Mr. Fairbairn'8 report ' should be forwarded to the Secretary of State for the Home


Page 287

Mr. Fairbairn, from his great experience and high reputation, was much in request on these


Page 289

at Hull, in September 1853, Mr. Fairbairn communicated a paper, entitled 'Experimental Researches to determine the


Page 290

failure of the boiler, and Mr. Fairbairn instituted a series of experiments for the purpose of settling the question. They


Page 292

Mr. Fairbairn replied, and promptly gave attention to the matter. His first step was to


Page 292

266 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xvi.


Page 293

being usually signed either by William Fairbairn or Joseph Whitworth, or both.


Page 293

deal of property was destroyed), Mr. Fairbairn


Page 294

April 1858, he retired, and Mr. Fairbairn was elected in his place, a position which he held till his death.


Page 295

foundation of the Boiler Association, Mr. Fairbairn determined to follow out one of the ideas which had been present to


Page 296

former was first undertaken, and Mr. Fairbairn availed himself of the assistance of a practical mathematician, Mr. Thomas Tate (who


Page 296

270 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xvt.


Page 297

It was always Mr. Fairbairn's principle to give, if he could, a practical value to his enquiries, and


Page 298

the most meritorious works of Mr. Fairbairn's scientific and professional career, and deserves more credit than it has generally received.


Page 298

272 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xvi.


Page 299

Expansion of Superheated Steam, by William Fairbairn, Esq., F.R.S., and Thomas Tate, Esq.' This paper was considered of such importance


Page 300

assisted by Mr. Unwin, and Mr. Fairbairn testified to the great precision and care with which the experiments were conducted.


Page 301

Some years before Mr. Fairbairn's death the question was much agitated whether it would be advisable to introduce


Page 302

276 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xvi.


Page 303

William Fairbairn.


Page 304

278 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xvt.


Page 306

280 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xvt.


Page 309

and the great interest Sir William Fairbairn took in it, may be inserted here.


Page 311

Sir William Fairbairn and the members of the executive committee, as steam users, always entertained a


Page 312

284 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xvi.


Page 315

Mr. Fairbairn was engaged for some years on an experimental investigation of great scientific interest,


Page 316

288 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xvii.


Page 317

of any ordinary laboratory arrangements. Mr. Fairbairn was known to Mr. Hopkins, not only as a practical engineer, but as


Page 318

To this Mr. Fairbairn replied :


Page 318

+290 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xvii.


Page 319

of some of the difficulties Mr. Fairbairn had subsequently to overcome.


Page 320

Manchester, and conferred fully with Mr. Fairbairn and Mr. Joule, the nature of the apparatus was settled, and it was


Page 320

292 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xvii.


Page 321

was generally a guest at Mr. Fairbairn'3 house.


Page 321

On June 26 Mr. Fairbairn wrote from London:


Page 322

out, and on November 23 Mr. Fairbairn wrote to Mr. Hopkins:


Page 322

294 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xvn.


Page 324

296 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xvir.


Page 325

on November 7, 1853, gave Mr. Fairbairn suggestions for the necessary alterations and additions to the apparatus, and requested his


Page 326

has not much bearing on Mr. Fairbairn's share of the work, but it will be interesting to scientific men as


Page 326

298 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xvii.


Page 328

300 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. CHAr. xvn.


Page 329

of compression on this property. Mr. Fairbairn had accordingly to prepare specimens, in the form of small cubes, which were


Page 330

* his great obligations to Mr. Fairbairn for the promptitude with which, in the first instance, he proffered his assistance


Page 330

302 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xvir.


Page 331

June 16 of that year, Mr. Fairbairn, writing to Sir David Brewster, said :


Page 332

August, 1864, he wrote to Mr. Fairbairn as follows :


Page 332

304 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap, xvtu


Page 333

the Royal Society wrote to Mr. Fairbairn on the subject of the balance of money , but he declined to


Page 334

306 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xvu.


Page 336

not intended to claim for Mr. Fairbairn any of the more abstruse portions of the researches, there is no doubt


Page 336

308 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xni.


Page 339

to record the work of Mr. Fairbairn, during his long career, in many different capacities, as consulting engineer, as scientific


Page 340

was in this work that Mr. Fairbairn's true character began to appear. He stepped out of the ranks of the


Page 340

312 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap, ivim


Page 341

of which is given by Mr. Fairbairn in Chap. VHI.


Page 342

Mr. Fairbairn, speaking of these works some years afterwards, said:


Page 342

314 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. rvnt.


Page 343

had been engaged in, but Mr. Fairbairn felt his own superiority in the higher gifts of design and invention, and


Page 344

steam-engines, was taken up energetically. Mr. Fairbairn did not immediately introduce any striking novelties, for the general design of the


Page 344

316 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. rvm.


Page 345

on under the name of William Fairbairn and Sons.


Page 345

paid attention to its peculiarities. Mr. Fairbairn saw that there was an opening, not only for a large business in


Page 346

In 1846 Mr. Fairbairn took out the Tubular Bridge Patent, mentioned at the end of Chapter Xni.,


Page 346

318 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap, xviii.


Page 347

About 1850 Mr. Fairbairn was engaged in a large work at Keyham Dockyard, near Plymouth, namely, the


Page 348

320 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xvhi.


Page 349

of them was given by Mr. Fairbairn to the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, and was published in their Proceedings for


Page 350

322 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xvm.


Page 351

and partner (the present Sir Thomas Fairbairn) was one. of the most prominent figures in the


Page 351

Mr. Fairbairn did not take any active part in the proceedings of the Committee of


Page 352

324 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xvnr.


Page 353

subject have been found among Mr. Fairbairn's papers :


Page 354

let me thank you and Mrs. Fairbairn for your agreeable hospitality during my manufacturing tour. I am very happy that


Page 354

a year after this date Mr. Fairbairn says, in a letter to General Morin:


Page 354

326 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xvtu.


Page 355

1852 the Government called in Mr. Fairbairn's aid in the establishment of the now well-known Small Arms Factory at Enfield.


Page 356

328 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xvnr.


Page 357

portion of the work done. Mr. Fairbairn's reputation was so great that he was consulted from all parts of the


Page 358

Mr. Fairbairn was consulted as to the best means of carrying out this proposal, and


Page 358

330 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xvui.


Page 359

1860 the firm undertook, under Mr. Fairbairn's direction, a work of considerable difficulty, namely, the rebuilding of two large viaducts


Page 360

it was fully described by Mr. Fairbairn in a paper read before the Institution of Civil Engineers, February 24,1863, and


Page 360

332 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xvm.


Page 363

Manchester profits, would have sent Mr. Fairbairn into the Bankruptcy Court, and ruined his prospects for ever.


Page 363

other manufacturing establishment with which Mr Fairbairn was connected, the ship-building yard at Millwall. It was in existence about twelve


Page 364

little progress, when in 1830, Mr. Fairbairn directed his attention to the use of steam-power on the Forth and Clyde


Page 364

336 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xix.


Page 365

In accordance with this decision Mr. Fairbairn selected a plot of land on the north bank of the Thames, at


Page 366

Mr. Fairbairn took out two patents for improvements in marine steam machinery. The first was


Page 366

338 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xjx.


Page 367

works had been in operation, Mr. Fairbairn was requested to go to Turkey, he consented with considerable hesitation, fearing that


Page 368

suffered many heartburnings and mortifications. Mrs. Fairbairn was confined of her last child. My sons were all at school, my


Page 368

340 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xix.


Page 369

after much hesitation and consideration, Mr. Fairbairn, about 1844, came to the conelusion that it would be to his interest


Page 370

The present Sir Thomas Fairbairn has given the editor the following memorandum respecting these transactions :


Page 370

was a great relief to Mr. Fairbairn to get rid of the Millwall establishment, as it enabled him to concentrate


Page 370

342 IJFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xix.


Page 373

From 1861 to 1865 Mr. Fairbairn was engaged in aiding the Government on an official investigation respecting the application


Page 374

346 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xx.


Page 376

348 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xx.


Page 377

will, to fall in with Mr. Fairbairn's original recommendation. This has since become universally adopted, and wooden ships of war


Page 378

350 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xx.


Page 379

F.R.S., the eminent metallurgist. Mr. William Fairbairn, F.R.S.) - ., " . ...


Page 382

354 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. crap. xx.


Page 384

356 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xx.


Page 386

LIFE OF SIR~ WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xx.


Page 387

these was designed specially by Mr. Fairbairn, for the purpose of testing certain views held by him.


Page 388

Mr. Fairbairn communicated information on this subject in two papers read before the British Association


Page 388

360 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xx.


Page 391

variety of matters in which Mr. Fairbairn was engaged during the later years of his life, all of more or


Page 394

366 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap, xxi,


Page 395

ayant daign6 decerner & M. William Fairbairn une meclaille en or & Peffigie de sa Majesty, en t£moignage de la


Page 395

As a result of Mr. Fairbairn's visit to Sweden, he was honoured with a distinction by King Oscar, as


Page 395

pour la faire parvenir & M. Fairbairn, dont Padresse est inconnue ici.


Page 396

368 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xxi.


Page 397

British Association at Hull.-In 1853 Mr. Fairbairn was appointed President of the Mechanical Section of the British Association, at their


Page 399

Mr. Fairbairn was elected President of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. This society was founded


Page 400

from an eminent friend of Mr. Fairbairn's, now deceased, who did not serve as a juror, is highly characteristic of


Page 400

372 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xxi.


Page 402

But although Mr. Fairbairn thus gave, on the whole, the superiority to Great Britain in machinery, he


Page 402

374 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xxi.


Page 403

My dear Mr. Fairbairn,-Were it not for prolonged illness, I should have proposed to have met you


Page 404

In the same year Mr. Fairbairn was applied to by the Emperor of the French to give advice in


Page 404

376 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xxr.


Page 405

inaugurated on June 26, 1857, Mr. Fairbairn, as the most eminent mechanic in the city, being deputed to take the


Page 406

In 1857 Mr. Fairbairn contributed a note on the merits of James Watt, to a memoir of


Page 406

378 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. mi.


Page 407

As a sequel to this Mr. Fairbairn, in February 1857, made a powerful appeal directly and personally to Lord Palmerston


Page 408

the latter part of 1857, Mr. Fairbairn suffered from a slight rheumatic attack, and as it lasted some months he


Page 409

Atlantic Cable.-From 1859 to 1865 Mr. Fairbairn interested himself actively in regard to the grand enterprise of carrying electric telegraph


Page 410

the enquiry Mr. Fairbairn undertook personally a series of experiments 'on the permeability of various kinds of


Page 410

382 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xxi.


Page 411

steamer, and during that year Mr. Fairbairn was still in active correspondence on various matters connected with the undertaking, always


Page 412

Mr. Fairbairn was elected President of the society in 1855, and remained in that office


Page 412

384 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xxi.


Page 413

He then enumerated several of Mr. Fairbairn's most important works and papers, and coneluded:


Page 414

exhausted by their arduous toils. Mr. Fairbairn, therefore, is one of the many examples of what can be done in


Page 414

386 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xxi.


Page 415

Mr. Fairbairn then went on to trace the applications of astronomy, magnetism, chemistry, geology, botany,


Page 416

that section being taken by Mr. Fairbairn's son-in-law, Mr. J. F. Bateman.


Page 417

one passage of the address Mr. Fairbairn had alluded to the great invention of the multitubular boiler for the locomotive,


Page 418

kind regards to you and Mrs. Fairbairn, and I am, my dear sir,


Page 418

390 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xxi.


Page 419

Mr. Fairbairn returned the following reply:


Page 420

392 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xxi.


Page 421

can cause happiness to you, Mrs. Fairbairn, and your family. During the twelve years I have been in Manchester, I


Page 422

394 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xxi.


Page 424

Baronetcy.-It was in 1869, when Mr. Fairbairn had arrived at the 80th year of his age, that the crowning honour


Page 424

Dear Sir William Fairbairn,-Let me congratulate you on a well-earned honour, which I only regret that the


Page 425

liked the old one * William Fairbairn, of Manchester,' better, I am well known by it, and I fear both


Page 425

In writing to a relation Mr. Fairbairn said:


Page 429

of the latter portion of Mr. Fairbairn's life, one of the most prominent was the use of his pen. He


Page 430

that required novel mathematical treatment. Mr. Fairbairn's paper gave his own views on the subject, and many other engineers took


Page 430

402 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xxu.


Page 431

the course of the paper Mr. Fairbairn took occasion frequently to speak of die comparison between wood and iron as


Page 432

to the experiments, contributed, at Mr. Fairbairn s request, by Mr. Tate.


Page 433

Mr. Fairbairn, in his autobiographical notes, speaks of this paper as one of the most


Page 434

Robinson, of Armagh, wrote to Mr. Fairbairn, as follows, dated May 28, 1855:


Page 436

408 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xxii.


Page 437

in forwarding the particulars to Mr. Fairbairn, said:


Page 438

what the work consists of. Mr. Fairbairn had frequently delivered lectures to Mechanics' Associations and other similar institutions in the


Page 438

410 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xxh.


Page 439

In 1859 Mr. Fairbairn presented a short memoir to the British Association, entitled * Experiments to determine


Page 440

the British Association in 1860, Mr. Fairbairn contributed a Report of,-Experi


Page 441

had tried some experiments, but Mr. Fairbairn considered they were incomplete, and he therefore instituted others on a more comprehensive


Page 442

About this time Mr. Fairbairn brought out an important work on a subject peculiarly his own, namely, a


Page 442

414 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. im.


Page 443

to the former of these, Mr. Fairbairn has not confined himself, as previous authors have done, to the treatment of


Page 444

In 1865 Mr. Fairbairn brought out a ' Treatise on Iron Shipbuilding,' which he dedicated to the


Page 444

416 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xxu.


Page 445

and he accordingly applied to Mr. Fairbairn, who responded with his usual public spirit.


Page 446

Mr. Fairbairn was engaged on this work from August 1867 to July 1869, but he


Page 449

In Mr. Fairbairn's more important writings, and in the experimental investigations they related to, he availed


Page 450

railway brakes, and iron armour. Mr. Fairbairn always expressed a high opinion of Mr. Unwin's ability and the value of


Page 450

422 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xxu.


Page 453

a long-lived family. His grandfather, John Fairbairn, died in 1797, at the ripe age of eighty-one, and his grandmother also


Page 453

William Fairbairn came from a long-lived family. His grandfather, John Fairbairn, died in 1797, at


Page 454

LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xxin.


Page 455

how you are, and how Mrs. Fairbairn has borne her affliction.


Page 456

428 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xxni.


Page 458

was a great delight to Mr. Fairbairn to visit at these places. The house at Cardross in Perthshire, was taken


Page 459

the Surrey estate, where Sir William Fairbairn was afterwards a frequent visitor. After his arrival there, about the middle of


Page 462

434 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. ixm.


Page 463

spoken to unfamiliar ears. Sir William Fairbairn was not a man of this class. He always seems to have enjoyed


Page 464

436 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xxm.


Page 465

of his character that Sir William Fairbairn won his position. He learned to labour and to wait, and, having a


Page 466

438 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap, xxrir.


Page 468

only their admiration of Sir William Fairbairn's career and public services, but they state that they " loved him for


Page 469

citizens. I allude to Sir William Fairbairn, who was connected with the interests of our city for a very long


Page 469

Yours very truly, '(Signed) Thomas Fairbairn.


Page 470

requested to communicate, through Sir Thomas Fairbairn, to Lady Fairbairn and the other members of the family the assiurance of


Page 470

442 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xxm.


Page 471

high qualities by which Sir William Fairbairn became the architect, he would not say of a very large fortune (but


Page 473

to support the resolution. Sir William Fairbairn had been throughout his life a most kindly friend of his. He had


Page 474

446 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xxm.


Page 476

'-FONDNESS FOR CHILDREN-REALITY OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN'S MERITS-MORAL.


Page 477

Mr. Fairbairn was, as already stated, married in 1816. The couple therefore lived together eight


Page 477

give some illustrations of Sir William Fairbairn's character.


Page 478

lifetime of the Prince Consort Mr. Fairbairn, as well as other members of his family, were honoured with frequent instances


Page 478

and, the younger, the Rev. Adam Henderson Fairbairn, M.A., is vicar of Waltham St.-Lawrence, Berks.


Page 479

offer an estimate of Sir William Fairbairn's character we may, in the first instance, gather some illustrative traits from his


Page 480

452 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xjot.


Page 481

professed to have witnessed, and Mr. Fairbairn replied:


Page 484

456 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xxit.


Page 486

458 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap.xhy.


Page 487

to say that in Sir William Fairbairn an urbane amiability of demeanour was united to intellectual strength,


Page 487

had such a termination. Both Mrs. Fairbairn and myself retain a lively recollection of your former self, and with every


Page 487

Scotch notions of toleration, but Mr. Fairbairn's admirable answer to the young wife was as follows:


Page 488

Plymouth Grove. My dear Mr. Fairbairn,-I am ashamed that I have been so long in acknowledging your kind friendly


Page 488

460 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xxiv.


Page 490

462 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xxiv.


Page 492

464 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xxit.


Page 494

LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xxtv.


Page 496

468 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xxiy.


Page 498

+470 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xxiv.


Page 499

In private life Sir William Fairbairn was distinguished by a quiet dignity of manner, combined with a modesty, simplicity,


Page 500

472 LIFE OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN. chap. xxiv.


Page 505

LIST OF SIR WILLIAM FAIRBAIRN'S PUBLISHED WORKS AND PAPERS.


Page 507

< Report of William Fairbairn, Esq., C.E., on the Construction of Fireproof Buildings,' with introductory remarks by Samuel


Page 507

Also Report of Mr. W. Fairbairn and Mr. D. Bellhouse, on the cause of the Falling of Messrs.


Page 508

is not clear what share Mr. Fairbairn had in these trials , but he reasoned upon them, and gave his


Page 510

sulphur by chemical means, and Mr. Fairbairn's experiments showed that the process improved the quality of the iron , but


Page 513

Contributed by Mr. Fairbairn to the Manchester Literary and Philosophical Society on November 16,1858, and published in


Page 528

William Andrew, son of Sir William Fairbairn, 449, enters his father's business, 317, retire from business, 330


Page 531

Fairbairn from, 280, letter from Thomas Fairbairn to, 440


Page 543

The Life of Sir William Fairbairn, Bart, F.R.S. Corresponding Member of the National Institute of France, cfc.